Acne is one of the most common skin problems that our team of dermatologists treat. We see everyone from children to seniors come in our office complaining of breakouts. Whether you are dealing with blackheads, whiteheads or deep, painful acne, it’s important that you find the most effective solutions for getting your acne under control. Here’s what you should know about acne and acne treatments.
What Causes Acne?
There are certain factors that can predispose you to developing acne during your lifetime. The two main causes of acne are,
- Hormones: If you notice acne appearing for the first time around your teen years, it could be due to hormones. If you also find that your acne flare ups around your period, the culprit is most likely hormones.
- Bacteria: Acne is produced when oil and bacteria clog the skin’s pores. This usually results in blackheads or whiteheads. The P. acnes bacteria are often to blame for inflamed acne.
Other factors that may also play a role in the development of acne include,
- Certain medications
- Consuming dairy products (this may increase inflammation)
- Oily or greasy cosmetics and hair products
- Poor hygiene
When Should I See a Dermatologist About Acne?
Is it time to turn to a dermatologist to treat your acne? It should be if,
- Your at-home remedies and treatments aren’t working after using them consistently for at least 8 weeks
- Your acne is getting worse or spreading
- You are dealing with deep, painful acne
- You’ve never had acne before and you’re not sure that’s what it is
- Your acne is causing you distress and impacting your self-esteem and appearance
What are Some Ways that a Dermatologist will Treat my Acne?
In order to determine the best treatment options for you, we will first need to determine the cause of your acne. Mild acne may be properly controlled through either over-the-counter or prescription creams and cleansers. Your dermatologist may also recommend dietary changes and show you proper ways to care for your skin to prevent acne from getting worse.
Other treatment options for acne include,
- Chemical peels
- Laser therapy
- Oral contraception (great for treating hormonal acne)
- Steroid injections
- Oral antibiotics (to kill bacteria on the skin)
- Isotretinoin (an oral medication to treat severe cystic acne)
Are there Ways to Get Rid of Acne Scars?
If you are faced with acne scarring, our dermatologists do offer a few ways to reduce and even get rid of certain mild to moderate acne scars. Some ways that our dermatologist can reduce acne scars is with,
- Chemical peels
- Laser resurfacing
- Dermal fillers